Goldmining is the process of extracting gold from the earth. There are various ways to do that. The individual gold miner can go out with a pick and a shovel and look for gold. Some people think panning for gold is the best way to find gold. People even take up looking for gold as a hobby and will buy expensive metal detectors to go out and look for gold. Companies that look for huge gold deposits near the surface create open pit mines. They use explosive charges to break up areas of rock deposits to look for gold. Once found, gold miners can use huge trucks to remove up to 250 tons of gold in a load. Open pit goldmining is one of the most economical ways to mine for gold.
Goldmining operations using underground mining techniques are also a common and economical. Africa is the nation that has the deepest gold mines in the world. Some of their goldmininig operations are as deep as five kilometers underground. Underground goldmining relies on a shaft system underground to get to the gold deposits. If you have ever visited an underground gold mine you already know about the creation of vertical and horizontal tunnels going underground to reach areas where geologists have found veins or blocks of gold in the rocks.
There are many benefits associated with goldmining. Gold is the standard to back the world’s currencies. The goldmining industry also supplies the gold needed for making certain types of electronic devices and use in a number of medical applications. Goldmining also gives us the gold needed to make gold jewelry. Once goldmining operations have depleted the gold in any given area, they restore the area as much as they possibly can back to its natural state.
Gold is one of the rarest and most precious metals in the world. The goldmining rush started in the U.S. in 1799 after gold’s discovery on a farm in North Carolina. Everyone knows about the famous California Rush that occurred from 1848 to 1852 as gold prospectors from all over the country began heading out west to mine for gold in the Sierra Nevada mountains. Goldmining in California was extremely popular. So many people wanted to go out west to participate in goldmining that they coined the term “gold fever” to describe the driving force behind goldmining interests. During the process of goldmining in California, there was the discovery of the largest gold nugget ever found in the United States, which was a 195-pound nugget.
Goldmining is still a viable industry in the United States, with the largest gold mine located in South Dakota. To date, there has only been about 88,000 tons of this precious metal extracted from the earth in the entire world. Man is still looking for gold and mining for gold in various countries throughout the world. The top goldmining countries today include the United States, China, and Africa. People involved in the goldmining industry know that the ocean has a lot of gold in it too. However, no one has come up with a way to make goldmining in the ocean economically feasible yet.